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Employment in the 3rd quarter of 2020

Employment in the 3rd quarter of 2020

Last update: 04.12.2020
Ilustratívny obrázok/Illustrative image
Publisher: Headquarters Bratislava
Topic: Demographic and social statistics
Domain: Labour
Publish Date: 04.12.2020

(according to the Labour Force Sample Survey) 1)

Employment dropped for the third consecutive quarter, however,  the downward rate in the number of employees slowed down to 2,2 %

The decline in the performance of the Slovak economy was also reflected in the development of employment during the 3rd quarter. The number of employees 1) according to the Labor Force Sample Survey (LFSS) reached 2 529,4 thousand in the 3rd  quarter. Employment was lower by 2,2 % year-on-year, which represented a decrease by 55,7 thousand persons. After six years of growth, employment was decreasing for the third consecutive quarter.

However, the downward rate in employment affected by the corona crisis slowed down compared with the previous quarter, with the number of employees declining by 2,5 % year- on-year in the 2nd  quarter. The current development was influenced by the increased activity of state-supported enterprises to maintain employment.

Compared to the 2 nd quarter of 2020, the seasonally adjusted total employment decreased by only 1,9 thousand persons, quarter-on-quarter (by 0,1%). The employment rate 2) expressing the share of employees in the total population dropped by 1 p.p. to 72,4 %, compared with the 3rd quarter of 2019. After deducting persons working abroad, employment in Slovakia decreased by 2 % to 2 405,6 thousand persons.

Employment rate - graph

Out of a total of 18 sectors monitored, the impact of the crisis in the form of job losses was felt in 11 sectors, while in the 2nd quarter, the number of workers dropped in as many as 15 sectors. The negative impact of the corona crisis was the most remarkable in market services, where the crisis took its toll on the labor market, especially in accommodation and food services. The number of employees in this sector decreased by 10,6 % year-on-year (11,4 thousand persons). In transport and storage, the decrease in the number of employees was 7,5 % (12,9 thousand persons) and in professional, scientific and technical activities 13 % (12,2 thousand persons).

The number of employees also decreased in the main sectors of the economy, in industry by 0,9 % and in construction by 1,9 %. The decline in agricultural workers also deepened, their number was lower by 14,5 % year-on-year. On the contrary, employment in this period also increased significantly in information and communication by 18,7 %. The number of persons employed in real estate activities also rose by 13,7 %, but this segment represents a small share of total employment.

The unfavorable development on the labor market was also reflected in all regions of Slovakia. A decline in employment was recorded in each of the regions. The largest was in Nitra by 3,3 % and in Prešov by 2,9 %. In year-on-year comparison, the number of employees was by 10 thousand less, in each region. On the contrary, the lowest decrease was in Košice by 0,6 % and in Trnava by 1 %. At the same time, Košice was the only region in the Slovak Republic where the employment rate increased, however, it remained the region with the lowest value of this indicator in the Slovak Republic, at the level of 67,4 %.

People working abroad

The number of employees working abroad up to 1 year reached 123,8 thousand in the 3rd quarter. 5,7 % fewer persons left Slovakia for work abroad 3) than in the 3 rd quarter of 2019. The dynamics of the decline accelerated by 0,2 p.p. year-on-year.

The migrants worked most often in construction, where the number of persons increased by 28 % year-on-year, in industry (decrease by 28,1 %) and in health and social work (drop by 15 %). From the European countries, they found employment most often in Austria (35,2 thousand people), despite the largest year-on-year decline.

Mostly the employees from the regions of eastern Slovakia went to work abroad, every second worker abroad came from these regions, and their number increased year-on-year, despite the global decline.

On average, in the 1st to the 3rd quarter of 2020, employment decreased by 2 % year-on-year, to 2 528,7 thousand persons.

Note:
1) LFSS methodology is in accordance with international definitons and recommendations of the ILO and Eurostat
2) according to the LFSS, the employed are all persons over 15 age, who perform work for 1 hour at least in surveyed (reference) week and who get wage, salary or other remuneration or bonus in order to gain profit, including persons performing a contractual work, seasonal workers, persons on maternity leave, persons employed abroad less than 1 year, persons commuting to work abroad and persons paid for activation works; respondents are included into sectors by economic activity of local unit, not the whole company
3) shareholders, self-employees, self-employed farmers, persons engaged in the liberal profession with one or major occupation
4)  migration for work abroad lasting less than one year including unspecified time for journey to work

Source: SOSR, DATAcube. [pr0002qs]

 

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